1st Century

The Romans build Akeman Street, one of a series of roads established to move their troops quickly from place to place. Northchurch High Street still follows the route of Akeman Street to this day.

2nd Century

A Roman farmstead is built in Northchurch between Akeman Street and the river Bulborne.

8th Century

Following the departure of the Romans the Saxons establish a small settlement in the area and later build a church dedicated to St Mary the Virgin.

The Parish served by St Mary’s church is created stretching down the Bulborne valley from Cow Roast in the west to Boxmoor in the east.

9th Century

St Mary’s church is enlarged with the original wooden building being replaced by a simple stone-built structure, possibly to protect the local people.